Third Fleet Convicts to Australia

The Third Fleet was comprised of eleven ships and carried 2,000 convicts, as well as military personnel and people to fill positions in the colony. Additionally, this fleet carried much needed provisions for the struggling colony. The ships departed from England in February, March, and April of 1791 with over 2,000 convicts on board. The Queen was the only ship that left from Ireland. 

Mary Ann sailed independently and was the first ship from the Third Fleet to arrive in Australia on July 9, 1791. This ship carried 150 females convicts, nine of which died before reaching Sydney Cove. Admiral Barrington was the last ship from the Third Fleet to arrive in Australia on October 16, 1791.

Mary Ann
Mary Ann [1]

Of the 2,000 convicts aboard the Third Fleet, 173 males and 9 females died during the voyage.


The Eleven Ships of the Third Fleet


Ship Captain/Master Purpose
Mary Ann Master Mark Munro Convict transport
Matilda Master Matthew Weatherhead Convict transport
Atlantic Master Archibald Armstrong Convict transport
Salamander Master J. Nichol Convict transport
William and Ann Master Eber Bunker Convict transport
Gorgon Master John Parker Convict transport
Active Master John Mitchinson Convict transport
The Queen Master Richard Bowen Convict transport
Albemarle Master George Bowen Convict transport
Britannia Master Thomas Melvill Convict transport
Admiral Barrington Master Robert Abbon Marsh Convict transport


See Also



  1. ^ "File:The snow Mary Ann RMG BHC3478.tiff." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 9 Nov 2019, 20:50 UTC.
  2. ^ Davison, Grame (ed.) et al, The Oxford Companion To Australian History, Oxford University Press, 1998
  3. ^ Gillen, Mollie, The Founders of Australia: a biographical dictionary of the First Fleet, Sydney, Library of Australian History, 1989
  4. ^ Bateson, Charles, The Convict Ships, 1787-1868, Sydney, 1974
  5. ^ Hughes, Robert, The Fatal Shore, London, Pan, 1988
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